International firm, Grimshaw has been selected as the winner to build the new Shenzhen Airport East Integrated Transport Hub. Sponsored by the China National Railway Corporation Limited and Shenzhen Municipal People's Government, the project aims to be one of the most integrated transport interchanges in the world.
Shenzhen is ranked as a global first-tier city by the Globalisation and World Cities Research Network. In the last 35 years, the city’s population has ballooned from mere 30,000 to 11 million residents. Bordering Hong Kong, the city has emerged as a major financial hub in China. The international competition’s aim was to create a facility to provide Shenzhen with transportation node to cater to the growing population, with inspirational vision for the hub as a new landmark Greater Bay Area, integrating latest technologies to set a benchmark for similar projects around the world.
“We are often inspired by the transfer of geometries and forms from Nature into architecture. We have applied this approach to the master plan and interchange design at Shenzhen Bao’an Airport which is directly inspired by the mangrove tree,” Jolyon Brewis, Grimshaw Partner told Design City.
Brewis continued, “Not only does this have symbolic value as an important tree to Shenzhen, but it has led us to a solution for the building, that is highly efficient. It will also be a wonderful place for people to occupy and travel through. We hope it will lift the spirits of millions of Shenzhen citizens, as well as those who visit this incredible city.”
Grimshaw led the international consortium in partnership with Mott MacDonald, China Aviation Planning and Design Institute (AVIC CAPDI), Beijing Urban Construction Design and Development Group (BJUCD), Schlaich Bergermann Partner (SBP), Atelier Ten and Gross Max.
The LEED Platinum proposed building aims to improve travel time and provide passengers effortless transfer between high-speed rail and other transport modes. The intermodal transport hub is designed to act as an urban gateway to the city and establish itself as the new people-oriented, commercial and cultural centre for Shenzhen. Creating safe, green, intelligent and humanistic transportation node, the hub will provide effortless transfer between high-speed rail and other public transport. It will also provide connections and terminal facilities for passengers travelling to and from Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport.
Project architects were inspired by the mangroves, which are common to the Pearl River delta and are an important source for carbon sequestration. The design aims to borrow the organic geometry of the mangroves, presented through its expressive roof. The natural form of the mangroves also flows into its space planning, allowing passengers both above and below ground, landside and airside, while its biodiversity will be in harmony with the hub’s exciting mix of uses.
Anne Kerr, Mott MacDonald, managing director of China Aviation Planning and Design Institute said, “We are delighted our team has been selected to contribute to the next generation of travel within this exciting area – which is an important hub and connection in terms of people and goods. We are passionate about the development of integrated transport solutions that deliver better social outcomes through greater connectivity. By combining our global and local expertise in aviation, surface transport and the built environment, this project will come out to be a unique opportunity to create a world class, sustainable and passenger-centric hub that supports the continued development of the Greater Bay Area – and one that we are honoured to be part of.”
The project includes several environmental strategies, creating highly economical architectural solution, using material efficiently and maximising repetition of components. The landscape strategy is to connect the city by opening up the hub as a new urban centre and bringing biophilic element into its interior. The landscape is designed to act as a new public space, anchored by commercially active frontage and flowing architectural forms that are naturally lit, guiding people on their journeys.
Grimshaw was founded by Sir Nicholas Grimshaw in 1980. The practice operates worldwide, across all major sector, with offices in London, Paris, New York, Los Angeles, Dubai, Melbourne and Sydney, employing over 450 staff.
Grimshaw has been honoured with over 200 awards for its commitment to excellence and innovation, including ‘Practice of the Year’ and ‘Building of the Year’ at the AJ100 Awards. In 2019, founder Sir Nicholas Grimshaw was awarded the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
Opening opportunities with connected thinking. Mott MacDonald is a US$2bn engineering, management and development consultancy.
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